Soutine, Chaim (1893-1943) – 1917c. Self-Portrait with Beard (Private Collection) | Online Art Museum

Soutine, Chaim (1893-1943) – 1917c. Self-Portrait with Beard (Private Collection)

Soutine, Chaim (1893-1943) - 1917c. Self-Portrait with Beard (Private Collection)

Oil on canvas; 81 x 65.1 cm.

Chaïm Soutine was a Jewish, expressionist painter from Belarus. He has been interpreted as a forerunner of Abstract Expressionism. From 1910–1913 he studied in Vilnius at the Vilna Academy of Fine Arts. In 1913 he emigrated to Paris, where he studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts under Fernand Cormon. He soon developed a highly personal vision and painting technique. For a time, he and his friends lived at La Ruche, a residence for struggling artists in Montparnasse, where he became friends with Amedeo Modigliani. Modigliani painted Soutine’s portrait several times.

In 1923, the American collector Dr. Albert C. Barnes visited his studio and immediately bought 60 of Soutine’s paintings. In February 2006, the oil painting of the series ‘Le Boeuf Ecorche’ (1924) sold for a record £7.8 million ($13.8 million) to an anonymous buyer at a Christies auction held in London – after it was estimated to fetch £4.8 million.

Soutine produced the majority of his works from 1920 to 1929. He seldom showed his works, but he did take part in the important exhibition The Origins and Development of International Independent Art held at the Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume in 1937 in Paris, where he was at last hailed as a great painter. Soon thereafter France was invaded by German troops. As a Jew, Soutine had to escape from the French capital and hide in order to avoid arrest by the Gestapo. He moved from one place to another and was sometimes forced to seek shelter in forests, sleeping outdoors. Suffering from a stomach ulcer and bleeding badly, he left a safe hiding place for Paris in order to undergo emergency surgery, which failed to save his life. On August 9, 1943, Chaim Soutine died of a perforated ulcer.

Posted by >RasMarley on 2010-12-10 01:50:21