27-Zhang Daqian Golden Outlined Landscape 張大千作金碧山水圖

27-Zhang Daqian Golden Outlined Landscape 張大千作金碧山水圖

Painting Techniques of Zhang Daqian (Chang Dai-chien) 張大千 Zhang Daqian 张大千的畫法

Painting Techniques of Zhang Daqian (Chang Dai-chien)

Zhang Daqian

Zhang Daqian (1899 – 1983 Chang Dai-chien) is a renowned Chinese painter. The total auction turnover revenues of his paintings in 2011 were US 554,537,029 dollars (US 314,944,104 dollars in 2010) and thus became the top number one champion artist by auction revenue of the world in 2011.

Painting techniques

The Painting Techniques of Zhang Daqian (Chang Dai-chien) can be grouped into the following categories:

(1)Very Fine and Delicate Drawings of Lotus and other Flowers, Grasses and Trees.

(2)Impressionistic Paintings of Lotus and other Flowers, Grasses and Trees.

(3)Golden Outlined Drawings of Red Lotus.

(4)Very Fine and Delicate Drawings of Figures, Animals, Birds, and Fowls.

(5)Paintings of Gentlemen.

(6)Paintings of Beautiful Ladies.

(7)Arts of Dunhuang Caves (a treasure house of Buddhist scriptures, paintings and statues) and related religious paintings.

(8)Poetic Paintings derived from Ancient Poetry of China.

(9)Painting After or Imitating the Renowned Landscape Paintings of Chinese Ancient Painting Masters from Tang Dynasty to Qing Dynasty.

(10)Famous Mountain, Lake and River Sceneries in China.

(11)Very Fine and Delicate Drawings of Landscapes.

(12)To add the Final Finishing Splashed Parts and Refined Brushed painting technique created at the early splashed painting period of Zhang Daqian.

(13)Impressionistic Rough Splashed and Refined Brushed painting technique created in mid splashed painting period of Zhang Daqian.

(14)Expressionistic Rough Splashed and Abstract painting (Abstract art) technique created from the mid to late splashed painting period of Zhang Daqian.

(15)Refined Splashed and Refined Brushed painting technique created at the late splashed painting period of Zhang Daqian.

His Refined Splashed and Refined Brushed Painting Technique

The Refined Splashed and Refined Brushed painting technique used by Zhang Daqian on his renowned paintings was created by him at his late splashed painting period. Although some parts were still painted subordinately with Chinese Traditional painting techniques and styles such as Very Fine and Delicate Drawings, Impressionistic Painting, Outlined Drawing, Colors Applying Painting, Ink Applying Painting. But the brushes had been saved as precious as gold. Most parts of the painting had been done by the Refined Splashed and Refined Brushed techniques. This is extremely difficult to have been done so well as these painting finished by this method. Painter has to control the splashed color dyeing conditions on paper just as holding a fine brush on hand. He has to splash (brush) it as precisely as his painting will in mind. Painter also has to understand even the splashed speed and degree of the paper material so used very well. A little minor mistake happened upon splashed painting is not allowed. He can not just paint it randomly by finishing it roughly. If a painter had no such a wonderful splashed ink and colored painting experience for at least more than decades, he can not do it very well. It’s so difficult and impossible for other painters to copy or imitate after it. Otherwise the copying painter or imitating painter will just waste his working papers and expensive color pigments for sure. The painting works of art done by this kind of difficult technique were few and also collected fewer in the world. Owing to its both hard time and efforts consuming of this painting technique, the paintings finished by this were often dedicated to the Kuomintang party high ranking founding officials in Taiwan as gifts to promote the painting reputation of Zhang Daqian and had been always locked into deep cellar of Governmental Residency.

Reference Paintings of Zhang Daqian

(1)One Flower in One World White Lotus and attached calligraphy, by Zhang Daqian dated Mar.1978.

(2)After the Rising and Warm Green Mountains by Huang Gongwang with Calligraphy, by Zhang Daqian dated 1947.

(3)Han Changli Composed a Lyric Poem Derived from Chu Dynasty, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979.

(4)A Bird’s-eye View on Taiwan Cross-Island Road near Herhuan (Central Cross-Island Highway), splendid golden-outlined landscape splashed painting, by Zhang Daqian dated 1978.

(5)18 Luohan Disciples Appointed to Witness to Buddhist Truth, by Zhang Daqian dated 1936.

(6)Recalling the Beautiful Scenery of Mountain Huang in China, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979.

(7)Scholars Appreciating Maples, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979.

(8)Lady with a Fan, Bamboos, Parrot Hairpin, in Tang’s Clothes (Tang Dynasty), by Zhang Daqian dated 1980.

(9)The Dreamland of Mountain Qingcheng in Heavenly Place, by Zhang Daqian dated 1981.

(10)The Heavenly Place in Mankind World, by Zhang Daqian dated 1982.

(11)Splashed Landscape Fuchun Mountain, by Zhang Daqian dated 1978.

(12)Sun is Rising and Darkness is Fallen allover the Mountain with Calligraphy, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979.

(13)Happy Birthday to Chairman Chang Kai-shek of the Government, by Zhang Daqian dated 1944, preface inscribed by Yu Youren.

(14)Spring Cloud and Morning Mist, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979.

(15)Painting the Elder Bintourlu after Technique of Song Dynasty, by Zhang Daqian dated 1946.

(16)Beauty in Red Hair-kerchief, Wooden Shoes, White Robe, Bamboos, by Zhang Daqian dated 1980.

(17)Black Cloud Covering on Top of Mt. Emei among Blue Cloud, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979.

(18)Listening to the Springs below the Mountains, splendid golden-outlined splashed color landscape, hand scroll, preface self-inscribed, by Zhang Daqian dated 1980.

(19)Waterfall in a Quiet Mountain Valley with Calligraphy, by Zhang Daqian dated 1980.

(20)Golden Outlined Red Lotus and a Flying Bird, by Zhang Daqian dated 1978.

(21)Dwelling in the Mountain by the Lake Wuting, by Zhang Daqian dated 1967.

(22)Splashed Colour Landscape of Beautiful Mountain Qingcheng, by Zhang Daqian dated 1973.

(23)Mountain Emei May Be Crossed On Top, by Zhang Daqian dated 1971.

(24)Spring Cloud and Morning Mist, by Zhang Daqian dated 1965.

張大千 Zhang Daqian 张大千的畫法

張大千 Zhang Daqian 张大千

張大千 Zhang Daqian 张大千 (1899 – 1983 Chang Dai-chien) 是一位知名的中國畫家. 在2011年其名畫作品的全世界總拍賣收入金額高達美金 US 554, 537, 029 元 ( 在2010年為美金US 314, 944, 104 元 ) 而躍居2011年全世界總拍賣收入的冠軍第一名寶座地位.

張大千 (Zhang Daqian / Chang Dai-chien) 先生的畫法可歸類成下面數大類︰

(1)工筆荷花及草木類。
(2)寫意荷花及草木類。
(3)鈎金紅荷。
(4)工筆人物及動物禽鳥圖。
(5)高仕圖。
(6)仕女圖。
(7)敦煌石壁及宗教畫作。
(8)古人詩意圖。
(9)仿、擬古代各大名家之山水圖名作。
(10)中國名山名水勝景圖。
(11)工筆山水圖。
(12)開創於早期的 "畫龍點睛(點景)式" "潑墨" 及 "潑彩" 畫法。
(13)開創於中期的 "粗潑細筆(寫意)式" "潑墨" 及 "潑彩" 畫法。
(14)開創於中晚期的 "粗潑抽象式" "潑墨" 及 "潑彩" 畫法。
(15)開創於晚期的 "細潑細筆式" "潑彩" 畫法。

而張大千先生開創於晚期的 "細潑細筆式潑彩" 畫法, 其於畫紙上的絕大部分作畫內容,都是以 "潑彩" 畫法細潑細筆以成之。 這種畫法非常地困難,因為畫家必須如同手握 "細筆" 一般地控制住 "潑彩渲染度", 不論是在畫中色彩的調合度與其筆意,皆必須完全 "意到即筆到(潑到)" 般地恰到好處, 絲毫不容許有任何的潑彩渲染差錯, 連作畫用紙的渲染度亦必須是由畫家拿捏地非常精準, 完全無法 "既然粗略隨意潑之, 即大概屈就以成之。"。 因為此種畫法非常耗時又耗工,沒有畫家本人自己數十年的 "潑墨" 及 "潑彩" 畫功及足夠經驗, 他人根本就是無法臨摹仿擬並加以潑畫之,否則只是糟蹋浪費自己的畫紙與昂貴的礦石顏料而已。 因此成品並不多, 傳世及見世作品亦不多, 張大千先生都是以這種畫作成品當作交際贈送予國民黨黨國元老們欣賞, 而被鎖入深宮。

參考張大千畫作:

(1)One Flower in One World White Lotus and attached calligraphy, by Zhang Daqian dated Mar.1978. 張大千1978年3月作 "一花一世界白荷花圖及書法立軸" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
(2)After the Rising and Warm Green Mountains by Huang Gongwang with Calligraphy, by Zhang Daqian dated 1947. 張大千1947年作 "擬元代黃公望浮巒暖翠山水圖及書法立軸" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
(3)Han Changli Composed a Lyric Poem Derived from Chu Dynasty, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979. 張大千1979年作 "韓昌黎作楚語圖" 立軸。
(4)A Bird’s-eye View on Taiwan Cross-Island Road near Herhuan, splendid golden-outlined landscape splashed painting, by Zhang Daqian dated 1978. 張大千1978年作 "台灣橫貫公路合歡山鳥瞰金碧潑彩山水圖" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
(5)18 Luohan Disciples Appointed to Witness to Buddhist Truth, by Zhang Daqian dated 1936. 張大千1936年作 "十八羅漢圖" 手卷。
(6)Recalling the Beautiful Scenery of Mountain Huang in China, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979. 張大千1979年作 "遙思黃山故景潑彩山水圖" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
(7)Scholars Appreciating Maples, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979. 張大千1979年作 "高仕賞楓圖" 設色紙本立軸。
(8)Lady with a Fan, Bamboos, Parrot Hairpin, in Tang’s Clothes, by Zhang Daqian dated 1980. 張大千1980年作 "仿莫高窟初唐人衣飾鸚鵡簪髮飾新篁紈扇仕女圖" 設色紙本立軸。
(9)The Dreamland of Mountain Qingcheng in Heavenly Place, by Zhang Daqian dated 1981. 張大千1981年作 "夢入靑城天下幽人間仙境圖" 直幅設色紙本鏡片。
(10)The Heavenly Place in Mankind World, by Zhang Daqian dated 1982. 張大千1982年作 "人家在仙堂潑彩山水圖" 直幅設色紙本鏡片。
(11)Splashed Landscape Fuchun Mountain, by Zhang Daqian dated 1978. 張大千1978年作 "富春山居潑彩山水圖" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
(12)Sun is Rising and Darkness is Fallen allover the Mountain with Calligraphy, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979. 張大千1979年作 "天開影墮潑彩山水圖及書法對聯" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
(13)Happy Birthday to Chairman Chang Kaishek of the Government, by Zhang Daqian dated 1944, preface inscribed by Yu Youren. 張大千作于右任題引首 "大觀高仕祝壽圖" 手卷。
(14)Spring Cloud and Morning Mist, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979. 張大千1979年作 "春雲曉靄潑彩山水圖" 橫幅設色絹本鏡片。
(15)Painting the Elder Bintourlu after Technique of Song Dynasty, by Zhang Daqian dated 1946. 張大千1946年作 "倣宋人畫賓頭盧尊者像" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
(16)Beauty in Red Hair-kerchief, Wooden Shoes, White Robe, Bamboos, by Zhang Daqian dated 1980. 張大千1980年作 "脩竹紅髮巾木屐白袍裸肩日本美女圖" 紙本立軸。
(17)Black Cloud Covering on Top of Mt. Emei among Blue Cloud, by Zhang Daqian dated 1979. 張大千1979年作 "可以橫絕峨眉巔黑雲滿布山頂藍雲環繞山間奇景潑墨兼潑彩山水圖" 設色紙本立軸。
(18)Listening to the Springs below the Mountains, splendid golden-outlined splashed color landscape handscroll, preface self-inscribed, by Zhang Daqian dated 1980. 張大千1980年作 "山水生風聽泉入山麓金碧潑彩山水圖" 手卷。
(19)Waterfall in a Quiet Mountain Valley with Calligraphy, by Zhang Daqian dated 1980. 張大千1980年作 "幽谷飛瀑潑彩山水圖及書法對聯" 直幅設色紙本鏡片。
(20)Golden Outlined Red Lotus and a Flying Bird, by Zhang Daqian dated 1978. 張大千1978年作 "香清鈎金紅荷翔鳥圖" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
(21)Dwelling in the Mountain by the Lake Wuting, by Zhang Daqian dated 1967. 張大千1967年作 "五亭湖上山居潑彩山水圖" 橫幅設色絹本鏡框。
(22)Splashed Colour Landscape of Beautiful Mountain Qingcheng, by Zhang Daqian dated 1973. 張大千1973年作 "青城天下幽潑彩山水圖" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
(23)Mountain Emei May Be Crossed On Top, by Zhang Daqian dated 1971. 張大千1971年作 "可以橫絕峨嵋巔潑彩山水圖" 橫幅設色紙本鏡片。
(24)Spring Cloud and Morning Mist, by Zhang Daqian dated 1965. 張大千1965年作 "春雲曉靄潑彩山水圖" 潑彩設色絹本鏡片。

Top-Selling Artists of 2012 presented by Artnet

Artnet 所提供之 2012 年全球最佳銷售畫家排行榜

Top-Selling Artists of 2012 presented by Artnet
Artnet 所提供之 2012 年全球最佳銷售畫家排行榜

2012 Rank Artist Top Lot Sold in 2012
Total Value Sold in 2012
2012年排行 畫家 2012年最佳銷售作品
2012年銷售總金額

1 Andy Warhol (American 美國) Statue of Liberty 自由女神雕像
(US$43,762,500) US$380,535,960 安迪•沃霍尔

2 Pablo Picasso (Spanish 西班牙) Nature Morte aux Tulipes 自然靜物鬱金香
(US$41,522,500) US$334,903,375 巴勃罗•毕加索

3 Gerhard Richter (German 德國) Abstraktes Bild 抽象的圖像
(US$34,273,027) US$298,932,200 格哈德•里希特

4 齊白石 Qi Baishi 齐白石 (Chinese 中國) 祖國頌 (Ode to the Mother Country)
(US$13,286,904) US$261,662,966 齊白石 Qi Baishi 齐白石

5 張大千 Zhang Daqian 张大千 (Chinese 中國) 紅妝步障 (Red Cosmetics and A Screen)
(US$6,927,162) US$242,435,004 張大千 Zhang Daqian 张大千

6 Mark Rothko (American 美國) Orange, Red, Yellow 橘子, 紅色, 黃色
(US$86,882,496) US$187,165,870 馬克·羅斯科

7 李可染 Li Keran 李可染 (Chinese 中國) 萬山紅遍 (Mountains in Red)
(US$46,030,323) US$180,362,333 李可染 Li Keran 李可染

8 Francis Bacon (Irish 愛爾蘭) Figure Writing Reflected in Mirror 鏡中反射的人物寫生
(US$44,882,500) US$172,183,728 弗朗西斯•培根

9 Jean-Michel Basquiat (American 美國) Untitled 無題目
(US$26,402,500) US$161,492,045 讓·米歇爾·巴斯奎特

10 Joan Miro (Spanish 西班牙) Peinture (Etoile Bleue) 藍色星辰
(US$37,063,473) US$155,182,091 璜安·米羅

World Top 15 highest-selling artists in 2011

2011年列名世界拍賣收入記錄前15名的畫家

#1 Zhang Daqian 张大千 US$554.53 million
#2 Qi Baishi 齐白石 US$510.57 million
#3 Andy Warhol 安迪•沃霍尔 US$325.88 million
#4 Pablo Picasso 巴勃罗•毕加索 US$314.69 million
#5 Xu Beihong 徐悲鸿 US$233.48 million
#6 Wu Guanzhong 吴冠中 US$221.15 million
#7 Fu Baoshi 傅抱石 US$198.33 million
#8 Gerhard Richter 格哈德•里希特 US$175.67 million
#9 Francis Bacon 弗朗西斯•培根 US$129.20 million
#10 Li Keran 李可染 US$115.36 million
#11 Lu Yanshao 陆俨少 US$105.68 million
#12 Clyfford E. Still 克莱福特•斯蒂尔 US$101.55 million
#13 Huang Zhou 黄胄 US$98.95 million
#14 Zao Wou-ki 赵无极 US$91.91 million
#15 Huang Binhong 黄宾虹 US$91.79 million

Chinese artists listed in the 2011 world auction revenue top 30 record

2011年列名世界拍賣總收入記錄前30名的中國畫家名單

No. 1 第1名為張大千 Zhang Daqian (1899-1983) 张大千,
No. 2 第2名為齊白石 Qi Baishi (1864-1957) 齐白石,
No. 5 第5名為徐悲鴻 Xu Beihong (1895-1953) 徐悲鸿,
No. 6 第6名為吳冠中 Wu Guanzhong (1919-2010) 吴冠中,
No. 7 第7名為傅抱石 Fu Baoshi (1904-1965) 傅抱石,
No. 10 第10名為李可染 Li Keran (1907-1989) 李可染,
No. 11 第11名為陸儼少 Lu Yanshao (1909-1993) 陆俨少,
No. 13 第13名為黃冑 Huang Zhou (1925-1997) 黄胄,
No. 14 第14名為趙無極 Zao Wou-ki (1921) 趙無極,
No. 15 第15名為黃賓虹 Huang Binhong (1865-1955) 黄宾虹,
No. 18 第18名為吳昌碩 Wu Changshuo (1844-1927) 吴昌硕,
No. 22 第22名為林風眠 Lin Fengmian (1900-1991) 林风眠,
No. 24 第24名為曾梵志 Zeng Fanzhi (1964) 曾梵志,
No. 25 第25名為范曾 Fan Zeng (1938) 范曾,
No. 26 第26名為王蒙 Wang Meng (1308-1385) 王蒙,
No. 29 第29名為吳湖帆 Wu Hufan (1894-1968) 吴湖帆.
No. 30 第30名為王翬 Wang Hui (1632-1717) 王翚.

Total 合計: 17 名中國畫家 17 Chinese Artists in total.

Source: Art Market Trends 2011 Top 100 Auction Results in 2011 Page 30 by Artprice.com S.A.

資料來源: 法國 Artprice.com S.A. 2011年全世界藝術市場趨勢報告書第30頁2011年全世界拍賣總收入結果前100名畫家

Reference Painting Photos of Zhang Daqian
張大千畫作附照片圖:

張大千 Zhang Daqian 张大千 (29 幅/pcs)

1. Zhang Daqian Happy Birthday to Chairman Chang Kaishek of the Government inscribed by Yu Youren 張大千作于右任題大觀高仕祝壽圖手卷
2. Zhang Daqian After the Rising and Warm Green Mountains by Huang Gongwang with Calligraphy 張大千作擬元代黃公望浮巒暖翠山水圖及書法立軸
3. Zhang Daqian Splashed Landscape Fuchun Mountain 張大千作富春山居潑彩山水圖
4. Zhang Daqian Mountain Emei May Be Crossed On Top 張大千作可以橫絕峨嵋巔潑彩山水圖
5. Zhang Daqian A Bird’s-eye View on Taiwan Cross-Island Road near Herhuan 張大千作台灣橫貫公路合歡山鳥瞰金碧潑彩山水圖
6. Zhang Daqian 18 Luohan Disciples Appointed to Witness to Buddhist Truth handscroll 張大千作十八羅漢圖手卷
7. Zhang Daqian The Dreamland of Mountain Qingcheng in Heavenly Place 張大千作夢入靑城天下幽人間仙境圖
8. Zhang Daqian The Heavenly Place in Mankind World 張大千作人家在仙堂潑彩山水圖
9. Zhang Daqian Sun is Rising and Darkness is Fallen allover the Mountain with Calligraphy 張大千作天開影墮潑彩山水圖及書法對聯
10. Zhang Daqian Painting the Elder Bintourlu after Technique of Song Dynasty 張大千作倣宋人畫賓頭盧尊者像
11. Zhang Daqian Listening to the Springs below the Mountains handscroll 張大千作山水生風聽泉入山麓金碧潑彩山水圖手卷
12. Zhang Daqian Waterfall in a Quiet Mountain Valley with Calligraphy 張大千作幽谷飛瀑潑彩山水圖及書法對聯
13. Zhang Daqian Recalling the Beautiful Scenery of Mountain Huang in China 張大千作遙思黃山故景潑彩山水圖
14. Zhang Daqian Splashed Colour Landscape of Beautiful Mountain Qingcheng 張大千作青城天下幽潑彩山水圖
15. Zhang Daqian Golden Outline Red Lotus and a Flying Bird 張大千作香清鈎金紅荷翔鳥圖
16. Zhang Daqian One Flower in One World White Lotus and attached calligraphy 張大千作一花一世界白荷花圖及書法立軸
17. Zhang Daqian Lady with a Fan Bamboos Parrot Hairpin in Tang’s Clothes 張大千作仿莫高窟初唐人衣飾鸚鵡簪髮飾新篁紈扇仕女圖
18. Zhang Daqian Beauty in Red Hair-kerchief Wooden Shoes White Robe Bamboos 張大千作脩竹紅髮巾木屐白袍裸肩日本美女圖
19. Zhang Daqian Han Changli Composed a Lyric Poem Derived from Chu Dynasty 張大千作韓昌黎作楚語圖
20. Zhang Daqian Scholars Appreciating Maples 張大千作高仕賞楓圖
21. Zhang Daqian Black Cloud Covering on Top of Mt. Emei among Blue Cloud 張大千作可以橫絕峨眉巔黑雲滿布山頂藍雲環繞山間奇景潑墨兼潑彩山水圖
22. Zhang Daqian Dwelling in the Mountain by the Lake Wuting 張大千作五亭湖上山居潑彩山水圖
23. Zhang Daqian Spring Cloud and Morning Mist dated 1979 張大千1979年作春雲曉靄潑彩山水圖
24. Zhang Daqian Spring Cloud and Morning Mist dated 1965 張大千1965年作春雲曉靄潑彩山水圖
25. Zhang Daqian Golden Outlined Red Lotus and Double Mandarin Ducks 張大千作愛清氣鈎金紅荷花鴛鴦嘉耦潑彩圖
26. Zhang Daqian High Mountain and Deep Cloud 張大千作山高雲深山水圖
27. Zhang Daqian Golden Outlined Landscape 張大千作金碧山水圖
28. Zhang Daqian Lady with a Fan and Bamboos in Splashed Colors 張大千作潑彩竹葉紈扇仕女圖
29. Zhang Daqian Splashed Color Golden Outlined Red Lotus on Gold Sheet 張大千作金箋潑彩描金紅荷花圖

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Posted by >Orion Museum on 2017-03-25 04:03:11

more cubism art